If You Are the One is a Chinese romantic comedy film directed by Feng Xiaogang and starring Ge You and Shu Qi. The film has been very successful at the Chinese box office, and has become one of Feng's top grossing films to date, earning over ¥ For the game show known by the same name, see If You Are the One (game.
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Simpson murder case , starting with 90 minutes of live network television of Simpson being chased by police, has been described as a seminal moment in reality television, with coverage of the true-life drama interrupting regular television programming for months and dominating ratings and the public conversation. Changing Rooms , a program that began in , showed couples redecorating each other's houses, and was the first [ citation needed ] reality show with a self-improvement or makeover theme. The dating reality show Streetmate premiered in the UK in The production team from the original series went on to create popular reality shows Strictly Come Dancing , Location, Location, Location , and the revamped MasterChef , amongst others.
In the United States, reality television programs experienced a temporary decline in viewership in , leading some entertainment industry columnists [ who? Survivor led the ratings in —02 , and Idol has the longest hold on the No. Internationally, a number of shows created in the late s and s have had massive global success. At least ten reality-television franchises created during that time have had over 30 international adaptations each: Several " reality game shows " from the same period have had even greater success, including Deal or No Deal , Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?
All but three of these franchises, Top Model , The Biggest Loser and Dragons' Den , were created by either British producers or the Dutch production company Endemol ; and even Dragons' Den , which originated in Japan , has had most adaptations be based on the British version. In India, the competition show Indian Idol was the most popular television program for its first six seasons. The s saw the launches of three television channels devoted exclusively to reality television: Fox Reality in the United States, which existed from to ; Global Reality Channel in Canada , which lasted two years from to ; and Zone Reality in the United Kingdom, which operated from to During the early part of the s, network executives expressed concern that reality-television programming was limited in its appeal for DVD reissue and syndication.
DVDs for reality shows in fact sold briskly; Laguna Beach: Syndication, however, has indeed proven problematic; shows such as Fear Factor , COPS , and Wife Swap in which each episode is self-contained, can indeed be rerun fairly easily, but usually only on cable television or during the daytime COPS and America's Funniest Home Videos being exceptions.
Season-long competitions such as The Amazing Race , Survivor , and America's Next Top Model generally perform more poorly and usually must be rerun in marathons to draw the necessary viewers to make it worthwhile even in these cases, it is not always successful: Another option is to create documentaries around series including extended interviews with the participants and outtakes not seen in the original airings; the syndicated series American Idol Rewind is an example of this strategy.
A Fox staple since , COPS has, as of when it moved to cable channel Spike , outlasted all competing scripted police shows.
Another series that has seen wide success is Cheaters , which has been running since in the U. In , to better differentiate between competition and informational reality programs, a second category, Outstanding Reality-Competition Program , was added. In , the web series The Next Internet Millionaire appeared; it was a competition show based in part on The Apprentice , and was billed as the world's first Internet reality show. In , The Tester became the first reality television show aired over a video game console. In , New York Magazine's Vulture blog published a humorous Venn diagram showing popular themes across American reality shows then running, including shows set in the U.
Duck Dynasty , a hunting -themed reality series featuring the Robertson family that founded Duck Commander , in became the most popular reality series in U. Its fourth-season premiere was viewed by nearly 12 million viewers in the United States, most of which were in rural markets. Its rural audience share has ranked in the 30s, an extremely high number for any series, broadcast or cable.
In , Entertainment Weekly and Variety again noted a stagnation in reality television programs' ratings in the U. They noted that a number of networks that featured reality programming, including Bravo and E! Another categorization divides reality television into two types: In many reality television programs, camera shooting and footage editing give the viewer the impression that they are passive observers following people going about their daily personal and professional activities; this style of filming is sometimes referred to as fly on the wall or factual television.
Story "plots" are often constructed via editing or planned situations, with the results resembling soap operas — hence the terms docusoap and docudrama. Documentary-style programs give viewers a private look into the lives of the subjects. Although the term "docusoap" has been used for many documentary-style reality television shows, there have been shows that have deliberately tried to mimic the appearance and structure of soap operas. Such shows often focus on a close-knit group of people and their shifting friendships and romantic relationships.
One highly influential such series was the American — series Laguna Beach: Laguna Beach had a more cinematic feel than any previous reality television show, through the use of higher-quality lighting and cameras, voice-over narration instead of on-screen "confessionals", and slower pacing. Due to their cinematic feel, many of these shows have been accused of being pre-scripted, more so than other reality television shows have.
The producers of The Only Way Is Essex and Made in Chelsea have admitted to coaching cast members on what to say in order to draw more emotion from each scene, although they insist that the underlying stories are real. Another highly successful group of soap-opera-style shows is the Real Housewives franchise, which began with The Real Housewives of Orange County in and has since spawned nearly twenty other series, in the U. The franchise has an older cast and different personal dynamics than that of Laguna Beach and its imitators, as well as lower production values, but similarly is meant to resemble scripted soap operas — in this case, the television series Desperate Housewives and Peyton Place.
Most of these shows have had spin-offs in multiple locations. There are also fly-on-the-wall-style shows directly involving celebrities. Often these show a celebrity going about their everyday life: VH1 in the mids had an entire block of such shows, known as "Celebreality". Shows such as these are often created with the idea of promoting a celebrity product or upcoming project. Some documentary-style shows shed light on cultures and lifestyles rarely seen otherwise by most of their viewers.
Another example is shows that portray the lives of ethnic or religious minorities. The Real Housewives franchise offers a window into the lives of social-striving urban and suburban housewives. Many shows focus on wealth and conspicuous consumption , including Platinum Weddings , and My Super Sweet 16 , which documented huge coming of age celebrations thrown by wealthy parents. Some documentary-style shows portray professionals either going about day-to-day business or performing an entire project over the course of a series.
One early example and the longest running reality show of any genre is Cops ,  which has been airing since Shows that show people working in the same non-business location include Airport and Bondi Rescue. Shows that portray a set of people in the same line of work, occasionally competing with each other, include Deadliest Catch , Ice Road Truckers and Million Dollar Listing Los Angeles and its spinoffs. One notable subset of shows about professional activities are those in which the professionals haggle and engage in financial transactions, often over unique or rare items whose value must first be appraised.
Two such shows, both of which have led to multiple spinoff shows, are Pawn Stars about pawn shops and American Pickers. Other shows, while based around such financial transactions, also show elements of its main cast members' personal and professional lives; these shows include Hardcore Pawn and Comic Book Men.
Such shows have some antecedent in the British series Antiques Roadshow ,  which began airing in and has since spawned numerous international versions, although that show includes only appraisals and does not include bargaining or other dramatic elements. While for "documentary-style" shows it is implied that the events shown would still be taking place even if the cameras were not there, in other shows the events taking place are done overtly for the sake of the show. These shows differ from "reality competition" shows or "reality game shows" see below in that participants do not compete against one another.
Some documentary-style programs place cast members, who in most cases previously did not know each other, in staged living environments; The Real World was the originator of this format. In almost every other such type of programming, cast members are given specific challenges or obstacles to overcome. Road Rules , which first aired in as a spin-off of The Real World , created a show structure where the cast would travel to various countries performing challenges for prizes.
Big Brother is probably the best known program of this type in the world, with around 50 international versions having been produced. Other shows in this category, such as The House and Lads' Army , involve historical re-enactment , with cast members living and working as people of a specific time and place. There are around 30 people who compete in different challenges to win and vote people against each other to try and win money, similar to Big Brother.
The Lofters combined the "special living environment" format with the "professional activity" format noted earlier; in addition to living together in a loft , each member of the show's cast was hired to host a television program for a Canadian cable channel.go here
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Originally, court shows were all dramatized and staged programs with actors playing the litigants, witnesses and lawyers. The cases were either reenactments of real-life cases or cases that were fictionalized altogether. The People's Court revolutionized the genre by introducing the arbitration-based "reality" format in , later adopted by the vast majority of court shows. The genre experienced a lull in programming after The People's Court was cancelled in , but then soared after the emergence of Judge Judy in Though the litigants are legitimate, the "judges" in such shows are actually arbitrators, as these pseudo-judges are not actually presiding in a court of law.
Typically, however, they are retired judges, or at least individuals who have had some legal experience. Courtroom programs are typically daytime television shows that air on weekdays. The globally syndicated format Dragons' Den shows a group of wealthy investors choosing whether or not to invest in a series of pitched startup companies and entrepreneurial ventures. The series Restaurant Startup similarly involves investors, but involves more of a game show element in which restaurant owners compete to prove their worth.
The British series Show Me the Monet offers a twist in which artworks' artistic value, rather than their financial value, is appraised by a panel of judges, who determine whether each one will be featured at an exhibition. Another subgenre places people in wild and challenging natural settings. This includes such shows as Survivorman , Man vs. The shows Survivor and Get Out Alive with Bear Grylls combine outdoor survival with a competition format, although in Survivor the competition also involves social dynamics. Some reality television shows cover a person or group of people improving their lives.
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Sometimes the same group of people are covered over an entire season as in The Swan and Celebrity Fit Club , but usually there is a new target for improvement in each episode. Despite differences in the content, the format is usually the same: Then the subjects meet with a group of experts, who give the subjects instructions on how to improve things; they offer aid and encouragement along the way.
Finally, the subjects are placed back in their environment and they, along with their friends and family and the experts, appraise the changes that have occurred. The concept of self-improvement was taken to its extreme with the British show Life Laundry , in which people who had become hoarders, even living in squalor, were given professional assistance. The American television series Hoarders and Hoarding: Buried Alive follow similar premises, presenting interventions in the lives of people who suffer from compulsive hoarding. In one study, participants who admitted to watching more reality television were more likely to proceed with a desired plastic surgery than those who watched less.
Some shows make over part or all of a person's living space, work space, or vehicle. The American series This Old House , which debuted in , features the start-to-finish renovation of different houses through a season; media critic Jeff Jarvis has speculated that it is "the original reality TV show. Pimp My Ride and Overhaulin' show vehicles being rebuilt in a customized way.
In some shows, one or more experts try to improve a failing small business over the course of each episode. Shows geared for a specific type of business include Restaurant Makeover and Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares for restaurants , Bar Rescue for bars and Hotel Hell for hotels. The show Nathan for You is somewhat a parody of the genre, with host Nathan Fielder offering ludicrous advice to unsuspecting business owners.
Another type of reality program is the social experiment that produces drama, conflict, and sometimes transformation. British TV series Wife Swap , which began in , and has had many spinoffs in the UK and other countries, is a notable example. In the show, people with different values agree to live by each other's social rules for a brief period of time. Faking It was a series where people had to learn a new skill and pass themselves off as experts in that skill.
Shattered was a controversial UK series in which contestants competed for how long they could go without sleep.
Solitary was a controversial Fox Reality series that isolated contestants for weeks in solitary confinement pods with limited sleep, food and information while competing in elimination challenges ended by a quit button, causing winners to go on for much longer than needed as a blind gamble to not be the first person to quit. Another type of reality programming features hidden cameras rolling when random passers-by encounter a staged situation. Candid Camera , which first aired on television in , pioneered the format.
What Would You Do? The series Scare Tactics and Room are hidden-camera programs in which the goal is to frighten contestants rather than just befuddle or amuse them. Not all hidden camera shows use strictly staged situations.
For example, the syndicated program Cheaters purports to use hidden cameras to record suspected cheating partners, although the authenticity of the show has been questioned, and even refuted by some who have been featured on the series. In many special-living documentary programs, hidden cameras are set up all over the residence in order to capture moments missed by the regular camera crew, or intimate bedroom footage.
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Supernatural and paranormal reality shows such as MTV's Fear , place participants into frightening situations which ostensibly involve paranormal phenomena such as ghosts , telekinesis or haunted houses. In series such as Celebrity Paranormal Project , the stated aim is investigation, and some series like Scariest Places on Earth challenge participants to survive the investigation; whereas others such as Paranormal State and Ghost Hunters use a recurring crew of paranormal researchers.
In general, the shows follow similar stylized patterns of night vision , surveillance, and hand held camera footage; odd angles; subtitles establishing place and time; desaturated imagery; and non-melodic soundtracks. Noting the trend in reality shows that take the paranormal at face value, New York Times culture editor Mike Hale  characterized ghost hunting shows as "pure theater" and compared the genre to professional wrestling or softcore pornography for its formulaic, teasing approach. In hoax reality shows, a false premise is presented to some of the series participants; the rest of the cast may contain actors who are in on the joke.
These shows often served to parody the conventions of the reality television genre. Other hoax shows are not intended for comedic effect and do not include actors. In some shows, a person of wealth or power has their identity disguised so that they can go among less-privileged people in order to see them in their natural state and judge their worthiness for largesse; the other participants are not told the true nature of the show during filming.
Popular examples include Undercover Boss though that show is also intended to let bosses see their business more accurately and The Secret Millionaire.
Other shows, though not hoax shows per se, have offered misleading information to some cast members in order to add a wrinkle to the competition. Another subgenre of reality television is "reality competition", "reality playoffs ", or so-called "reality game shows," which follow the format of non-tournament elimination contests. In many cases, participants are removed until only one person or team remains, who is then declared the winner. Usually this is done by eliminating participants one at a time or sometimes two at a time, as an episodic twist due to the number of contestants involved and the length of a given season , through either disapproval voting or by voting for the most popular to win.
Voting is done by the viewing audience, the show's own participants, a panel of judges, or some combination of the three. A well-known example of a reality-competition show is the globally syndicated Big Brother , in which cast members live together in the same house, with participants removed at regular intervals by either the viewing audience or, in the American version, by the participants themselves. There remains disagreement over whether talent-search shows such as the Idol series, the Got Talent series and the Dancing with the Stars series are truly reality television, or just newer incarnations of shows such as Star Search.
Although the shows involve a traditional talent search, the shows follow the reality-competition conventions of removing one or more contestants in every episode, allowing the public to vote on who is removed, and interspersing performances with video clips showing the contestants' "back stories", their thoughts about the competition, their rehearsals and unguarded behind-the-scenes moments. Additionally, there is a good deal of unscripted interaction shown between contestants and judges.
In addition, there is more interaction between contestants and hosts, and in some cases they feature reality-style contestant competition or elimination as well. These factors, as well as these shows' rise in global popularity at the same time as the arrival of the reality craze, have led to such shows often being grouped under both the reality television and game show umbrellas. Some reality shows that aired mostly during the early s, such as Popstars , Making the Band and Project Greenlight , devoted the first part of the season to selecting a winner, and the second part to showing that person or group of people working on a project.
Dating-based competition shows follow a contestant choosing one out of a group of suitors. Over the course of either a single episode or an entire season, suitors are eliminated until only the contestant and the final suitor remains. In the early s, this type of reality show dominated the other genres on the major U. In Married by America , contestants were chosen by viewer voting. This is one of the older variants of the format; shows such as The Dating Game that date to the s had similar premises though each episode was self-contained, and not the serial format of more modern shows.
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In this category, the competition revolves around a skill that contestants were pre-screened for. Competitors perform a variety of tasks based on that skill, are judged, and are then kept or removed by a single expert or a panel of experts. The show is usually presented as a job search of some kind, in which the prize for the winner includes a contract to perform that kind of work and an undisclosed salary, although the award can simply be a sum of money and ancillary prizes, like a cover article in a magazine.
The show also features judges who act as counselors, mediators and sometimes mentors to help contestants develop their skills further or perhaps decide their future position in the competition. Popstars , which debuted in , may have been the first such show, while the Idol series has been the longest-running and, for most of its run, the most popular such franchise. The first job-search show which showed dramatic, unscripted situations may have been America's Next Top Model , which premiered in May One notable subset, popular from approximately to , consisted of shows in which the winner gets a specific part in a known film, television show, musical or performing group.
The most extreme prize for such a show may have been for one of the first such shows, 's Rock Star: Fortune , who won the show, went on to be INXS's lead singer until Some shows use the same format with celebrities: The most popular such shows have been the Dancing with the Stars and Dancing on Ice franchises. Other examples of celebrity competition programs include Deadline , Celebracadabra and Celebrity Apprentice. Most of these programs create a sporting competition among athletes attempting to establish their name in that sport. The Club , in , was one of the first shows to immerse sport with reality television, based on a fabricated club competing against real clubs in the sport of Australian rules football ; the audience helped select which players played each week by voting for their favorites.
Golf Channel's The Big Break is a reality show in which aspiring golfers compete against one another and are eliminated. The Contender , a boxing show, became the first American reality show in which a contestant committed suicide after being eliminated from the show; the show's winner was promised a shot at a boxing world championship. Sergio Mora , who won, indeed got his title shot and became a world champion boxer. In The Ultimate Fighter , participants have voluntarily withdrawn or expressed the desire to withdraw from the show due to competitive pressure.
In sports shows, sometimes just appearing on the show, not necessarily winning, can get a contestant the job. Not all sports programs involve athletes trying to make a name in the sport. One concept pioneered by, and unique to, reality competition shows is the idea of immunity, in which a contestant can win the right to be exempt the next time contestants are eliminated from the show. Possibly the first instance of immunity in reality TV was on Survivor , which premiered in in Sweden as Expedition Robinson , before gaining international prominence after the American edition titled Survivor premiered in On that show, there are complex rules around immunity: They can also pass on their immunity to someone else and in the later case, they can keep their immunity secret from other players.
On most shows, immunity is quite a bit simpler: In one Apprentice episode, a participant chose to waive his earned immunity and was immediately "fired" by Donald Trump for giving up this powerful asset. The authenticity of reality television is often called into question by its detractors.
The genre's title of "reality" is often criticized as being inaccurate because of claims that the genre frequently includes elements such as premeditated scripting including a practice called " soft-scripting " , acting, urgings from behind-the-scenes crew to create specified situations of adversity and drama, and misleading editing. It has often been described as "scripting without paper". In many cases, the entire premise of the show is a contrived one, based around a competition or another unusual situation. However, various shows have additionally been accused of using fakery in order to create more compelling television, such as having premeditated storylines and in some cases feeding participants lines of dialogue, focusing only on participants' most outlandish behavior, and altering events through editing and re-shoots.
Television shows that have been notably accused of, or admitted to, deception include The Real World ,    the U. Reality television's global successes has become, in the view of some analysts, an important political phenomenon. In some [ quantify ] authoritarian countries, reality-television voting has provided the first opportunity for many citizens to voted in any free and fair wide-scale "elections". In addition, the frankness of the settings on some reality shows presents situations that are often taboo in certain conservative cultures, like Star Academy Arab World , which began airing in , and which shows male and female contestants living together.
You explores the blurred lines between love and obsession, and hero and villain. In the process, it looks at the potential lengths to which the idea of "love conquers all", is really applicable. It explores the dangers of social media culture with an emphasis on a lack of digital privacy. The website's critical consensus reads, " You pairs thrilling drama with trashy fun to create an addictive social media horror story that works its way under the skin -- and stays there.
Radish wrote, "thanks to the performance given by Penn Badgley and some terrific writing, the character has layers that make him complicated and intriguing, even though you know he should be making you cringe and recoil. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. You Genre Crime drama Psychological thriller. Greg Berlanti Sera Gamble. City of New York. Archived from the original on November 6, Retrieved September 11, Retrieved September 6, Retrieved May 11, Retrieved May 6, Retrieved April 10, Retrieved March 9, Retrieved September 9, Retrieved September 18, Retrieved September 25, Retrieved October 2, Retrieved October 9, Retrieved October 16, Retrieved October 23, Retrieved October 30, Retrieved November 6, Retrieved November 13, Retrieved April 7, Retrieved July 27, Retrieved September 5, Retrieved December 30, Retrieved November 12, Retrieved March 7, Nicky in Lifetime's You ".
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